Visual Computing

University of Konstanz
Journal of Visualization

VEGA: visual comparison of phylogenetic trees for evolutionary genome analysis

T. Ge, Y. Lu, K. Lu, Y. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Cheng, Y. Chen, O. Deussen, B. Chen
Teaser of VEGA: visual comparison of phylogenetic trees for evolutionary genome analysis

Material

Paper (.pdf, 1.3 MB)

Abstract

In the field of evolutionary genome analysis, biologists seek to identify important genes or chromosome regions by comparing phylogenetic trees and analyzing the mutation at which locus might affect phenotypic traits. Unfortunately, the tree comparison and accompanying analysis are often performed manually. In this paper, we characterize the workflow of evolutionary genome analysis and present a task analysis for the fundamental questions asked by biologists during the analysis procedure. We propose two algorithms to enable quantitative tree comparison. One is to measure the differences between corresponding leaf nodes on two trees, and the other is to compute the classification inconsistency of each leaf node by comparing tree structure with a given biological classification. Configuring with the obtained difference and inconsistency, we present a visual analysis system, visual comparison of phylogenetic trees for evolutionary genome analysis, which not only enables biologists to intuitively explore trees but also identify locus which affects their traits by comparing SNP variants of selected leaf nodes. We conclude with case studies from two biologists who used our system to augment their previous manual analysis workflow and demonstrate that our system can reveal more insight.

BibTeX

@article{Ge2020VEGAvisualcomparison,
  author     = {T. Ge and Y. Lu and K. Lu and Y. Wang and X. Liu and Z. Cheng and Y. Chen and O. Deussen and B. Chen},
  doi        = {10.1007/s12650-020-00635-0},
  journal    = {Journal of Visualization},
  month      = {mar},
  number     = {3},
  pages      = {523--537},
  publisher  = {Springer Science and Business Media LLC},
  title      = {VEGA: visual comparison of phylogenetic trees for evolutionary genome analysis},
  volume     = {23},
  year       = {2020},
  url        = {http://graphics.uni-konstanz.de/publikationen/Ge2020VEGAvisualcomparison},
}